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Bauxite ore Britannica

Bauxite, rock largely composed of a mixture of hydrous aluminum oxides. Bauxite is the principal ore of aluminum. Bauxites vary physically according to the origin and geologic history of their deposits: some deposits are soft, easily crushed, and structureless; some are hard, dense, and pisolitic,

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Bauxite: The principal ore of aluminum.

GeologyResourcesCompositionPropertiesPreparationUseDistributionBauxite is the principal ore of aluminum. The first step in producing aluminum is to crush the bauxite and purify it using the Bayer Process. In the Bayer Process, the bauxite is washed in a hot solution of sodium hydroxide, which leaches aluminum from the bauxite. The aluminum is precipitated out of solution in the form of aluminum hydroxide, Al OH 3. The aluminum hydroxide is then calcined to form alumina, Al2O3. Aluminum is smelted from the alumina using the Hall-Heroult Process. In the Hall-Heroult Process, the …

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Bauxite - an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Bauxite, the principal ore used for aluminum smelting, is named after Les Baux, Provence, the village where the first deposits were discovered. Bauxite contains hydrated alumina equivalent to as much as 40–60% Al 2 O 3, and is free of the other siliceous materials leached out over time. However it still contains 10–30% iron oxide, and some silica and other impurities, making it unsuitable for direct …

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